Your central nervous system is the primary driving force controlling your body. It manages movement, sensation, and even critical mental processes. So it’s no surprise that if your central nervous system is affected – your entire mind and body is effected.
Since Multiple Sclerosis interacts with your central nervous system, it’s important to recognize and understand what’s happening and how it works. This article covers the most important details surrounding MS and explains how physical therapy treatment can help.
What is Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
Multiple Sclerosis is a neurological disease that damages or distorts the nerves between the mind and body. All of the nerves found in your body are covered in a thing layer of protective tissue called myelin sheath. This thin layer essentially acts as a lubricated pathway to send signals back-and-forth between the mind and body. If these
MS is an autoimmune disease. Meaning; their immune system attacks their own body. When the myelin sheath layer on the nerves is attacked/damaged – it affects the communication signals.
Slow or distorted signals cause complications in the context of precise movement or sensation recognition. It would be similar to removing the water from a waterslide… The path is still there – but the signal cannot reach its destination in the most effective/efficient way.
Due to the severity of how MS affects day-to-day life, many people want to do everything in their power to make things better. Patients, family, and friends familiar with MS are fully aware of its effects and realize how much it changes life.
Symptoms and Causes of MS
Although modern research is still learning more about how this complex disease works, here is what we know so far.
- Numbness or tingling
- General fatigue
- Muscle weakness or lack of strength
- Sensory distortion (blurred vision, prickling feeling)
- Motor/movement distortion
- Loss of balance
- Paralysis or temporary loss of movement
- Bladder/digestion dysfunction
- Short-term memory loss
- Trouble speaking or swallowing
- Sexual dysfunction
- Anxiety or depression
Unfortunately, it isn’t entirely clear what exactly causes MS. It is most likely a wide range of genetic and environmental conditions all at play. But we do know there are some clear statistics available that help us get a better idea of whom MS usually affects the most.
- Women are more likely to be diagnosed with MS than men. (About 2x more likely)
- Those with a family history of MS are more likely to be diagnosed.
- Caucasians are the most likely race to have MS
- MS is most prevalent ages 15-60
- Anyone with an existing autoimmune disease is more likely to have MS
Physical Therapy Treatment Options for MS
On the positive side of things, physicians and physical therapists are discovering ways how light exercise and physical therapy can help with Multiple Sclerosis. Some of the simple exercises below can be done at home or at a personal gym.
- Light-weight, low-resistance training (3 sets of 10-15 reps)
- Cardio or endurance training (15-30 minutes)
- Balance, stretching, and aerobic exercises
- Aquatic exercise (reduced strain and fatigue)
- Low gravity or anti-gravity exercise machines
These exercise should help patients feel better, but if you want long-lasting noticable results you’ll need a professional.
Get an assessment and support from a Physical Therapist
Home exercises are great, but getting help from a medical professional is even better.
A licensed physical therapist will help you monitor, manage and improve many parts of your life:
- Posture, balance, and static motor control
- Stride, gait, and mobility
- Dynamic motor control and range of motion
- Neurological function
- Respiratory function
If you or someone you know would like to explore the benefits of physical therapy for MS – contact us today.
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